White Hall State Historic Site

500 White Hall Shrine Rd., Richmond, KY 40475

White Hall was home to General Green Clay, first cousin of Henry Clay. Green became one of the richest landowners and slave holders in the state, often using his land and those he enslaved for hemp production. Green Clay also had a ferry known as "Clay's Ferry", often used it for shipping hemp and hempen goods.


Green Clay built his home in 1798 and called his two story brick Georgian house "Clermont." Green Clay’s youngest son Cassius Marcellus Clay later inherited the home and several hundred acres surrounding it.

Although raised by one of the wealthiest landowners and largest slaveholders in Kentucky, Cassius Clay did not approve of the institution of slavery. Cassius became an outspoken leader against slavery and is well-known today for his role as a 19th century emancipationist.


Cassius resided in the mansion until his death in 1903, after which the house went up for auction. Cassius’ grandson Warfield Bennett bought the home and rented it out to tenant farmers, who resided in the home until the mid 1960s, after which the home was left vacant and open to vandalism. In 1968 the Bennett family donated the house to the State of Kentucky. Thanks to the concentrated efforts of First Lady Beulah Nunn, wife of Governor Louie B. Nunn, the Madison County Garden Club, and the Kentucky Department of Parks, the mansion was restored to its former glory and opened to the public in September 1971.


Today, the property is maintained by Kentucky State Parks. The kitchen now features a hemp exhibit and display, and a hemp plot grows near the rear of the property as part of the Kentucky Hemp Pilot Program for education and demonstrations. Click here to learn more about White Hall State Historic Site.


Kentucky Hemp Heritage Alliance, Inc.    

P.O. Box 1296 

Lexington, Kentucky 40588


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